gypsy wedding dresses…/histo…/resistance/escapes-and-reports

The number of escapes

It has been established so far that 928 prisoners attempted to escape from the Auschwitz camp complex-878 men and 50 women. The Poles were the most numerous among them-their number reached 439 (with 11 women among them). The next big groups were the citizens of the Soviet Union, 213 persons in total: 158 prisoners (including 19 women) and 55 prisoners of war, as well as Jews-150 persons (including 4 women). Reichsdeutsche (Germans and Austrians) were also attempting escapes-49 (40 men and 9 women); Sinti and Roma (in the camp marked as Zigeuner, Gypsy)-41 (39 and 2 respectively); Czechs-26 (22 and 4); Hungarians-4; and one Dutchman and one Yugoslavian female prisoner. In addition, there were 6 escapees the nationality of whom had not been determined.

For 196 prisoners the escape finished with success. The majority of them lived to see the end of the war. The escape was also successful for other 25 prisoners, but after some time (a few weeks or months, sometimes even years) they were captured, by accident at times, and incarcerated in prison or in the camp. The escape of 433 prisoners failed-they were captured and sent to the camp, where the majority of them perished, or shot during pursuit. In addition, two escapees from this group were killed by their mates and the other two drowned while crossing the river. As far as 254 people are concerned, no information concerning their fate after leaving the camp was found. It can, however, be presumed that as the fact of capturing them was not recorded in German documents, for some of them the escapes finished with success. Finally, no data was found as far as the course of escape of 20 persons is concerned. gypsy wedding dresses